Silk Road Week Museums | Galleries III

Traffic along Silk Routes gained momentum as the Roman and Chinese Han Empires began to trade with each other, with Far Eastern goods such as silk , considered as an expensive luxury in the west. The corridor remained at the heart of trade across Central Asia from the 8th century to 12th century, with merchant activity peaking in the 8th and 9th centuries, reflecting the prosperity of the emerging Islamic Caliphate, the Tang dynasty and the Byzantine Empire.  This trade remained prosperous during the Pax Mongolica in the 13th-14th century, before declining after the breakup of the Timurid Empire in the 16th century. (UNESCO)